Cairo is one of the great megacities of the world. As nice as it is crazy, and also rich in beautiful historic attire as it is half decayed, Cairo tends to be a city that travelers love and hate in equal measures. His pure noise, pollution and traffic are confusing an assault on your senses, but look beyond the modern hustle and bustle, and you will find a history that dates back centuries. Full force, Cairo is where you really get a feel for the life of the Egyptian street. No trip to Egypt is complete without a stay in the city Arabs call Umm al-Dunya (The Mother of the World). Find the best places to visit and interesting things to do in this bustling metropolis with our top attractions list in Cairo.
1. Pyramids of Giza
The pyramids of Giza are a Cairo number of half-day and a must-do attraction on the itinerary of anyone. Right on the edge of town, on the Giza plateau, these fourth funerary temples of the dynasty were wowing travelers for centuries and continue to be one of the main strengths of the country. Despite the heat, the dust and the tourist bustle, you can not miss a trip here.
The pyramid of Khufu (also known as the Great Pyramid and Pyramid of Cheops) is the largest pyramid of Giza group, and within narrow passages can be explored, although there is not much to see, except for a regular burial chamber with a vacuum sarcophagus.
2. The Egyptian Museum
The absolutely stunning collection of antiques displayed in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo making it one of the largest museums in the world. You would need a lifetime to see the show.
The museum was founded in 1857 by French Egyptologist August Mariette and moved to its current home in the house of distinctive pink powder of downtown Cairo in 1897. Yes, the collection is mislabeled and not well defined because the boundaries of the space (and only a fraction of its total assets are actually on the screen). He also suffers some cases with currently empty because of artifacts have been transferred to the GEM, but you still can not help but be impressed by the sheer majesty of exhibitions.
3. Al-Azhar Mosque
Al-Azhar is the most beautiful building of the era of Fatimid Cairo and a first surviving mosques in the city, completed in the year 972. It is also one of the oldest universities in the world – Caliph El- Aziz granted with university status in the year 988 (the other universities vying for the status of “oldest” is Fez) and today, Al-Azhar University is always the first theological center Islamic world.
4. Old Cairo (Coptic Cairo)
The Art Museum Coptic here contains a wealth of information about the early Christian period of Egypt and houses one of the finest collections of art Coptic Egypt. Next door, the 9th century Hanging Church contains some fine examples of Coptic architecture. Founded in the 4th century, the church was built on the Roman gates towers (hence the name) and was substantially rebuilt in the 9th century.
5. Khan el-Khalili (Souq Quarter)
Khan el-Khalili is one of the great shopping experiences in the world. The Middle East Souq (bazaar) is a labyrinthine collection of her skinny alleys established as neighborhood shopping in AD 1400, which still rings with the ringing of metal workers and goldsmiths.