Newcastle upon Tyne is both an economic and a cultural sense, the capital of north-east England. This industrial city is located on the River Tyne, with its center has many remarkable Victorian buildings and streets, as well as three large shopping centers.
It is also popular for its many museums and interesting places of entertainment, including the prestigious Royal Theater and Town Hall, a popular venue for rock and pop concerts.
1. The Tyne Bridges
Seven bridges span the River Tyne in and around Newcastle, three of them internationally famous for the revolutionary approach to building bridges they enshrined.
The oldest is the high bridge, a steel structure with two levels almost 165 feet high and built to plans drawn in 1849 by Robert Stephenson and opened by Queen Victoria. Swing Bridge, designed by Sir William G. Armstrong and opened in 1876, is on the same site as the “Pons Aelius” fort built by the Romans.
However, the bridge symbolizes the more the identity of the city is the Tyne Bridge, begun in 1925 and opened by King George V in 1928 with what was then the largest arch of a bridge in the world.
2. Historic Quayside
The Quayside district around Tyne and high level Bridges has been redeveloped, and most of the old houses are now hotels, shops and restaurants. Sandhill on a number of historic buildings can be seen, including the City Hall, built in 1658, and the Court merchants. Bessie Surtees House beautifully restored consists of two merchant houses dating from the 16th and 17th centuries, with a restored facade Jacobin.
A fascinating underground tourist attraction is Victoria along 2.5 mile tunnel, running under the city of the city Moor to Tyne. The open tunnel in 1842 as wagonway coal transport mine piers bank, and much can be seen by a guided tour.
3. Newcastle Castle
North Newcastle High Level Bridge on rue Saint-Nicolas, the well-preserved fortified Norman tower reflects the “New Castle” begun in 1080 and completed in 1172. The late Norman Chapel and the King’s Chamber can be visited you explore the many ancient passages of the castle and medieval rooms. Along the way, you’ll find fascinating exhibits archaeological objects, while the tower offers stunning views of the city.
4. Newcastle Cathedral
Built in the 14th and 15th centuries, the cathedral-Newcastle Cathedral Church of Saint-Nicolas-is not particularly large, having only been brought to the state of the parish of the Cathedral church in 1882. Its characteristic most striking, however, is the lantern tower. Standing nearly 197 feet high, it was built in 1435 and is topped by a crenellated beautiful Scottish crown. At night, the arrow is illuminated to impressive effect.
5. The Old City Chares
To the east of the Tyne Bridge is one of the parties of the oldest in Newcastle, the Chares. This series of well-preserved medieval narrow streets and alleys, with their stepped channels are fun to explore endless, including Breakneck Stairs Long Stairs Castle Stairs, the latter leads to the castle and keep the Black Gate.