The District of Columbia, on the Potomac River between Maryland and Virginia, was set aside as the capital of the nation, so that the federal government would not be located in one state. Pierre-Charles L’Enfant was commissioned by George Washington to plan the city, and you can clearly see the Kid’s layout of a street grid intersected by wide avenues. The most important of them is Pennsylvania Avenue, between two landmark buildings: the White House and the impressive Capitol building dome. Alongside and maintaining the vision of The Children open and spacious town extends the great National Mall with its museums and monuments.
1. United States Capitol and Capitol Hill
Recognized worldwide as a symbol of the United States Capitol is the seat of the House of Representatives and the Senate. The huge dome based on St. Peter in Rome dome stands out from all other Washington buildings.
As Washington himself, the building has grown over the years since the central part was built between 1793 and 1812. The latest addition in 1958-1962, expanded the main facade where presidents are sworn. On the other side, a marble terrace offers a magnificent view of the shopping center and the city.
2. The White House
The White House is the official residence of the President of the United States. The house of every president except George Washington, it was originally built in 1792 by James Hoban, and after being burned by British forces in 1814, was rebuilt in 1818. While the visits of the Interior include the East, Blue, Green and Red Rooms; Ballroom; and the state dining room must be booked in advance by your congressional office or the embassy in Washington every tourist will want to see this iconic building, at least from the outside.
3. The Lincoln Memorial
The most beloved of all the monuments of Washington, the Lincoln Memorial is located at the other end of the mall, separated from the Washington Monument by the Reflecting Pool. In the center a marble statue of 19 feet of a seated and pensive President Abraham Lincoln surrounded by 36 columns, one for each of the states existing at the time of Lincoln’s death. This is the most famous work designed by sculptor Daniel Chester French noted. Jules Guerin painted murals on the interior walls, showing important events in the life of Lincoln.
4. The Washington Monument
The white tree 555 feet from the Washington Monument is a familiar icon of the National Mall, and a beautiful view, especially when mirroring the long Reflecting Pool at its foot. The construction of the obelisk to honor the first president of the nation did not run smoothly. The plan was approved by Congress in 1783, but the ground was not broken until 1848. When the tower reaches 156 feet in height in 1854, the political bickering and lack of funds stopped the project for several years, civil war has caused more disruption if the tower was not capped until 1885, when it was finally completed by the Army Corps of Engineers.
5. National Mall and Veterans Memorials
The spacious strip of lawns and pools that form a large greenbelt of the Capitol Building to the Lincoln Memorial is also the site of many historic buildings and monuments of Washington. The most important to its central point is the Washington Monument and the War Memorials are those veterans of World War II, the Korean War and Vietnam.
The Vietnam Veterans Memorial, a poignant wall inscribed with the names of all military and American women who lost their lives or are missing, is one of the most visited monuments of Washington. The proximity of Vietnam Women Memorial has a bronze sculpture of three women soldiers help a wounded soldier. The Korean War Veterans Memorial contains 19 steel sculptures of soldiers. The most recent, former US disabled veterans for Memorial life was dedicated in 2014.